Miracles and Evidence Index
By Richard Bruce BA, MA, and PhC in Economics
Former Instructor St. John's University, New York City

Fish, Bread, and Wine, Suppers and Symbols

On a number of occasions Jesus multiplied loaves of bread and fishes. At the Wedding at Cana Jesus preformed his first miracle, turning water into wine. So Jesus creates three types of food: bread, wine, and fish.

Two of those, bread and wine are used in the Last Supper where Jesus gives us the Eucharist. Fish plays a prominent part in the post resurrection suppers. In Luke 24:35-48, Jesus appears to the apostles and after inviting them to touch him to show that he was not a ghost, he asked them for something to eat, and they gave him a piece of broiled fish and Jesus ate it. In John 21 the apostles were fishing on the Sea of Galilee. Jesus told them to throw out the net on the right side of the boat and they caught 153 fish. When the apostles dragged the fish to the shore, Jesus already had a fish and some bread cooking on a fire.

The Eucharist is a sacrament, so it symbolizes what it really is. Baptism is a symbolic washing away of sins, and it really does wash away sins. So if we say that the bread symbolizes the body of Christ and the wine symbolizes his blood, this is both the truth and not a denial of the doctrine of transubstantiation, which teaches that the Eucharist actually is the body and blood of Jesus.

Fish, as the Bible makes clear, represents the believers. So in the Eucharist we both symbolically and in reality eat and therefore incorporate the body of Christ into our own body. Similarly when Christ eats the piece of broiled fish in Luke 24:42-43 he symbolically incorporates the believers into his body, which is the church.

The Eucharist was instituted at the Last Supper, the final meal that Jesus ate with apostles before the Crucifixion. Jesus ate the broiled fish at the first and possibly only meal where he ate after the Resurrection. All of this seems to be carefully and symbolically arranged.

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Last edited August 6, 2014

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